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06 September 2021 : Animal Research

[In Press] Different Anesthetic Drugs Mediate Changes in Neuroplasticity During Cognitive Impairment in Sleep-Deprived Rats via Different Factors

Mengxi Shen12ABCDEF, Naqi Lian12BCE, Chengcheng Song12DE, Chao Qin12BD, Yang Yu12AE, Yonghao Yu12ABE

DOI: 10.12659/MSM.932422

Med Sci Monit In Press; DOI: 10.12659/MSM.932422  

Available online: 2021-09-06, In Press, Corrected Proof

Publication in the "In-Press" formula aims at speeding up the public availability of the pending manuscript while waiting for the final publication. The assigned DOI number is active and citable. The availability of the article in the Medline, PubMed and PMC databases as well as Web of Science will be obtained after the final publication according to the journal schedule


Perioperative neuro-cognitive disorders (PND) are preoperative and postoperative complications of multiple nervous systems, typically manifested as decreased memory and learning ability after surgery. It was used to replace the original definition of postoperative cognitive dysfunctions (POCD) from 2018. Our previous studies have shown that sevoflurane inhalation can lead to cognitive dysfunction in Sprague-Dawley rats, but the specific mechanism is still unclear.
Thirty-six male Sprague-Dawley rats were randomly divided into 6 groups (n=6): the SD group was given 24-h acute sleep deprivation; Sevoflurane was inhaled for 2 h in the Sevo group. Two mL propofol was injected into the tail vein of rats in the Prop group. The rats in the SD+Sevo group and SD+Prop group were deprived of sleep before intervention in the same way as before.
We noted significant behavioral changes in rats treated with SIK3 inhibitors or tau phosphorylation agonists before propofol injection or sevoflurane inhalation, with associated protein levels and dendritic spine density documented. Sevoflurane anesthesia-induced cognitive impairment following acute sleep deprivation was more pronounced than sleep deprivation-induced cognitive impairment alone and resulted in increased brain SIK3 levels, increased phosphorylation of total tau and tau, and decreased acetylation modifications. After using propofol, the cognitive function returned to baseline levels with a series of reversals of cognitive dysfunction.
These results suggest that sevoflurane inhalation via the SIK3 pathway aggravates cognitive impairment after acute sleep deprivation and that propofol anesthesia reverses the effects of sleep deprivation by affecting modifications of tau protein.

Keywords: 14-3-3 Proteins; Cognitive Dysfunction; Propofol; Sevoflurane; Sleep Deprivation; SIK3 Protein, Mouse


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Dinah V. Parums
Science Editor, Medical Science Monitor, International Scientific Information, Inc., Melville, NY, USA

DOI: 10.12659/MSM.934766

Med Sci Monit 2021; 27:e934766

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Medical Science Monitor eISSN: 1643-3750
Medical Science Monitor eISSN: 1643-3750