Hui Zeng, Xubing Zhao, Lin Wang, Chengfang Tang, Zixia Li, Na Xie, Feng Wang
School of Stomatology, Xi’an Medical College, Xi’an, Shaanxi, China (mainland)
Med Sci Monit 2020; 26:e926171
The aim of this study is to investigate the effects of Drynaria total flavonoids (DTF) on mandible microarchitecture, serum estrogen (E2), osteoprotegerin (OPG), and receptor activator of nuclear factor kappa-B ligand (RANKL) levels in an ovariectomy-induced osteoporosis rat model.
MATERIAL AND METHODS: Thirty female Sprague-Dawley rats were divided into 5 groups (n=6 per group): sham surgery, ovariectomy (OVX), and low-dose, middle-dose, and high-dose DTF. Mandibular osteoporosis was induced by ovariectomy; an equal amount of ovary-sized fat tissue was removed from the sham group. The DTF-treated groups were given DTF gavage at different doses for 12 weeks; the sham and OVX groups were given saline. After the treatment phase, the effects of DTF on the microarchitecture of the mandible were evaluated by measuring bone density, maximum load, morphometric parameters, and histopathological alterations. Serum E2, OPG, and RANKL levels were measured.
RESULTS: The OVX group showed obvious osteoporosis in the mandible and decreased serum E2 levels and OPG/RANKL ratio. The low-dose group did not show significant improvement in mandibular microstructure. The middle-dose group showed significantly ameliorated osteoporosis. The high-dose group had further improvement in bone microstructures and increase of OPG/RANKL over the middle-dose group. Furthermore, ovariectomy significantly decreased serum E2, but DTF treatment failed to restore serum E2 levels.
CONCLUSIONS: Ovariectomy can cause significant bone loss in the rat mandible and a decrease in serum E2 and OPG/RANKL. DTF significantly improved the mandibular microstructure and restored OPG/RANKL balance, but it did not restore the decreased serum E2 concentration following ovariectomy.
Keywords: Mandible, Osteoporosis, Osteoprotegerin, Polypodiaceae, RANK Ligand