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Medical Science Monitor Basic Research


eISSN: 1643-3750

Published: 2020-11-28



Use of Palpation Imaging in Diagnosis of Breast Diseases: A Way to Improve the Detection Rate

Yihan Ding, Chenyu Sun, Qin Zhou, Ce Cheng, Cunye Yan, Benzhong Wang

Department of Breast Surgery, The First Affiliated Hospital of Anhui Medical University, Hefei, Anhui, China (mainland)

Med Sci Monit 2020; 26:e927553

DOI: 10.12659/MSM.927553

BACKGROUND: Breast diseases pose increasing threat to women health as peoples lifestyle changes. The aim of this study was to investigate the clinical application value of Palpation Imaging (PI) in the diagnosis of breast diseases.
MATERIAL AND METHODS: From October 2019 to February 2020, 184 patients with 225 breast lesions were examined by using PI, ultrasound, and mammography in the department of Breast Surgery, the First Affiliated Hospital of Anhui Medical University. All cases were confirmed pathologically by core-needle biopsy or excisional biopsy. The cut-off value of the PI tests was determined by receiver operating characteristic (ROC) curve. We compared the examination results of PI with ultrasound and mammography to analyze the diagnostic value of PI.
RESULTS: Pathological examination revealed that 186/225(82.67%) lesions were benign, while 39 were malignant. All 8 parameters of PI were significantly correlated with pathological findings (P<0.05). The best cut-off value for the PI score was 19.5 and the area under the curve (AUC) for the PI was 0.921 (95% CI: 0.874-0.968, P<0.001) with 89.7% sensitivity and 86.0% specificity. PI showed greater sensitivity (89.7%) and its specificity (86.0% vs. 86.4%, P=0.931) and accuracy (86.7% vs. 84.6%, P=0.604) were similar to those of mammography. The combination of 3 types of test is superior to a single examination. The sensitivity was 100% and the specificity was 98.8%.
CONCLUSIONS: PI has high clinical value in differentiation of benign and malignant breast lesions. Combination examination has the potential to improve the detection of breast cancer in screening and diagnostic capacities and can be used as a supplement to ultrasound and mammography.

Keywords: Breast Neoplasms, Mammography, Palpation, Ultrasonography

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