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Shuai Xu, Yunsheng Ou, Xing Du, Bin He, Yuanqiang Li, Haoyang Yu
(Department of Orthopedics, The Bishan Hospital of Chongqing, Chongqing, China (mainland))
Med Sci Monit 2021; 27:e929890
Heterotopic ossification (HO) is a major complication after cervical disc arthroplasty (CDR) that has attracted the attention of spine surgeons. There remains a great deal of controversy regarding the surgical risk factors. The present study investigated the correlation between insufficient sagittal coverage of the prosthesis-endplate and HO after CDR and explored strategies to prevent it.
MATERIAL AND METHODS: We included 73 patients who underwent Prestige-LP arthroplasty. Patients were divided into HO and non-HO groups. Related data, including radiological, clinical information, were collected. HO was graded using the McAfee classification. Analysis was performed to correlate HO to the surgical segmental range of motion (ROM) at last follow-up. To evaluate the insufficient sagittal coverage of the prosthesis-endplate and other factors for developing HO, receiver operating characteristic (ROC) curves were analyzed for insufficient sagittal coverage.
RESULTS: Among 73 patients, 24 patients had HO at the last follow-up (HO incidence: 32.9%). The ROM in the HO group was significantly lower (P<0.001). The insufficient sagittal coverage of the upper and lower prosthesis-endplate, the height of intervertebral space, and the preoperative and postoperative ROM were related to HO (P<0.05). Multivariate logistic regression analysis showed that only insufficient sagittal coverage of the upper prosthesis-endplate was related to HO (P=0.023), and ROC curve analysis revealed that HO was more likely to occur with insufficient sagittal coverage distance ≥2.5 mm.
CONCLUSIONS: HO after CDR causes a reduction in ROM, the occurrence of which is associated with insufficient sagittal coverage of the prosthesis-endplate. HO was more likely to occur with insufficient sagittal coverage distance ≥2.5 mm.