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eISSN: 1643-3750

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Genome-Scale Analysis Identified NID2, SPARC, and MFAP2 as Prognosis Markers of Overall Survival in Gastric Cancer

Zexing Shan, Wentao Wang, Yilin Tong, Jianjun Zhang

(Department of Gastric Surgery, Cancer Hospital of China Medical University, Liaoning Cancer Hospital and Institute, Shenyang, Liaoning, China (mainland))

Med Sci Monit 2021; 27:e929558

DOI: 10.12659/MSM.929558


BACKGROUND: Gastric cancer is the most common gastrointestinal tumor, and the rates of recurrence and metastasis are high. Research results on molecular biomarkers used for prognosis of gastric cancer remain inconclusive. This study aimed to explore the gene expression module of gastric cancer and to determine potential prognostic biomarkers.
MATERIAL AND METHODS: Three microarray datasets (GSE13911, GSE79973, and GSE29272) from Gene Expression Omnibus (GEO), including 206 pairs of gastric tumors and adjacent normal samples, were used for analysis of differentially expressed genes (DEGs). The 3 microarray datasets yielded 144 genes associated with the progression and prognosis of gastric cancer. After this, a risk score model was developed for result validation using an independent dataset from The Cancer Genome Atlas.
RESULTS: The validation of the independent dataset showed significantly increased NID2, SPARC, and MFAP2 expression in gastric tumor tissues, which were associated with poor outcomes in gastric cancer patients. Moreover, the high risk score obtained was associated with poor overall survival (HR: 1.787; 1.069-2.986; P=0.027). Subgroup analyses revealed that these significant prognostic values were detected in patients aged <65.0 years, tumors in the antrum/distal colon, grade 3 tumors, or TNM-M0 stages of cancer.
CONCLUSIONS: The findings of this study show that NID2, SPARC, and MFAP2 are upregulated in gastric tumor tissues and are significantly associated with poor overall survival. Therefore, the predictive values of the risk score model employed for the prognosis of gastric cancer could be improved by using these 3 upregulated DEGs.

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