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Retrospective Analysis of Clinicopathological Characteristics of Lacrimal Gland Pleomorphic Adenoma and Mechanism of Tumorigenesis by the Imbalance Between Apoptosis and Proliferation

Meng Lv, Zhi-Jun Dong, Yue-Xin Tong, Tian Li, Yan Hei, Xin-Ji Yang, Wei-Li Dong

(Department of Ophthalmology, The Affiliated Hospital of Chengde Medical University, Chengde, Hebei, China (mainland))

Med Sci Monit 2021; 27:e929152

DOI: 10.12659/MSM.929152

BACKGROUND: Lacrimal gland pleomorphic adenoma (LGPA) is the most common clinically benign epithelial tumor of the lacrimal gland and is predominantly comprised of epithelial cells and interstitial components. At present, the exact pathogenesis of LGPA remains unclear. Previous research has indicated that the occurrence of LGPA may be related to excessive cell proliferation.
MATERIAL AND METHODS: This study observed the clinicopathological characteristics of LGPA and investigated the tumorigenesis mechanism of cell over-proliferation caused by the imbalance between apoptosis and proliferation. A total of 27 cases were collected from the Department of Ophthalmology of the Affiliated Hospital of Chengde Medical University and the Third Medical Center of Chinese PLA General Hospital from April 2017 to November 2019. Hematoxylin-eosin (HE) staining and immunohistochemical staining were used to observe the pathological characteristics and analyze the expression of bcl-2 and bax in the lacrimal gland.
RESULTS: Compared with normal lacrimal gland tissues, LGPA tumor tissues had obvious changes in pathological morphology. The expression of bcl-2 in LGPA lesion tissues was dramatically higher (P<0.001), the expression of bax was not significantly different between groups (P=0.25), but the ratio of bcl-2/bax was significantly higher in tumor tissues (P=0.01).
CONCLUSIONS: We found that the lacrimal gland tumor tissues had obvious excessive proliferation in pathomorphology, which revealed the necessity of complete surgical removal of the capsule from the perspective of pathological morphology and provided a theoretical basis for the hypothesis that the imbalance between apoptosis and proliferation could lead to cell hyperproliferation.

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