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Gui Li, Lin Cheng, Jianke Wang
(Department of Anesthesiology, Dangyang People’s Hospital, Dangyang, Hubei, China (mainland))
Med Sci Monit 2021; 27:e928462
This retrospective study was conducted at a single center in China and aimed to compare rocuronium with succinylcholine for rapid sequence induction intubation in the Emergency Department of a hospital.
MATERIAL AND METHODS: An orotracheal intubation procedure was performed in a total of 267 patients by direct laryngoscopy using an intravenous bolus injection of 1 mg/kg of succinylcholine (n=141; SY group) or 1.2 mg/kg of rocuronium (n=126; RM group) for a rapid sequence induction in the emergency department. The success of orotracheal intubation was evaluated by a capnography curve. The modified Cormack-Lehane score was used to grade the direct laryngoscopy.
RESULTS: There was no statistically significant difference in numbers of patients with successful first-attempt orotracheal intubation between the groups (112 vs. 87, P=0.067). Fewer intubation failures under direct laryngoscopy were reported in the SY group than in the RM group (23 [16%] vs. 34 [27%], P=0.037). The number of intubation attempts was higher in the RM group than in the SY group (1.52±0.87 per patient vs. 1.27±0.60 per patient, P=0.032).
CONCLUSIONS: The findings from this study support results from previous studies, showing that even in the Emergency Department setting, rocuronium was equivalent to succinylcholine in achieving rapid sequence induction intubation, when the dose was appropriate. However, as current clinical guidelines highlight, succinylcholine has more contraindications and adverse effects, including hyperkalemia, which should be monitored, and rocuronium has a longer duration of action.