H-Index
79
Scimago Lab
powered by Scopus
JCR
Clarivate
Analytics
12%
Acceptance
Rate
call: +1.631.470.9640
Mon-Fri 10 am - 2 pm EST

Logo

Medical Science Monitor Basic Research
AmJCaseRep

Annals
ISI-Home

eISSN: 1643-3750

Get your full text copy in PDF

Salvianic Acid A Regulates High-Glucose-Treated Endothelial Progenitor Cell Dysfunction via the AKT/Endothelial Nitric Oxide Synthase (eNOS) Pathway

Yanhua Guan, Xu Wang

(The First Clinical Medical College, Nanjing University of Chinese Medicine, Nanjing, Jiangsu, China (mainland))

Med Sci Monit 2021; 27:e928153

DOI: 10.12659/MSM.928153


BACKGROUND: The primary cause of death in patients with diabetes mellitus (DM) is diabetic macroangiopathy, a complication that related to the function and number of endothelial progenitor cells (EPCs). Salvianic acid A (SAA) is a water-soluble active ingredient of Salvia miltiorrhiza, a traditional Chinese medicine used to treat cardiovascular diseases. The purpose of this study was to explore the effects of SAA on the function of rat EPCs cultured in vitro in a high-glucose environment.
MATERIAL AND METHODS: Bone marrow-derived EPCs from 40 Sprague-Dawley rats were identified by fluorescence staining. Cell viability, apoptosis, tube formation, lactated dehydrogenase (LDH) release, and nitric oxide (NO) production were detected by 3-[4,5-dimethylthylthiazol-2-yl]-2,5 diphenyltetrazolium bromide assay, flow cytometry, tube formation, LDH, and 3-amino,4-aminomethyl-2’,7’-difluorescein, and diacetate assays, respectively. The expression levels of proteins were examined by western blotting.
RESULTS: Cultured EPCs showed a cobblestone morphology and positive expression of Dil-ac-LDL and FITC-UEA-1. High glucose impaired cell viability. Different concentrations of SAA had no significant effect on EPC viability. SAA reduced the apoptosis rate and LDH release, but promoted tube formation, viability, and NO production in high-glucose-treated EPCs. The ratios of p-AKT/AKT and p-eNOS/eNOS in high-glucose-treated EPCs were elevated by SAA. Phosphoinositide 3-kinase inhibitor LY294002 blocked the rescue effects of SAA on high-glucose-treated EPCs.
CONCLUSIONS: SAA protected EPCs against high-glucose-induced dysfunction via the AKT/eNOS pathway.

This paper has been published under Creative Common Attribution-NonCommercial-NoDerivatives 4.0 International (CC BY-NC-ND 4.0) allowing to download articles and share them with others as long as they credit the authors and the publisher, but without permission to change them in any way or use them commercially.
I agree