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Yanhua Guan, Xu Wang
(The First Clinical Medical College, Nanjing University of Chinese Medicine, Nanjing, Jiangsu, China (mainland))
Med Sci Monit 2021; 27:e928153
The primary cause of death in patients with diabetes mellitus (DM) is diabetic macroangiopathy, a complication that related to the function and number of endothelial progenitor cells (EPCs). Salvianic acid A (SAA) is a water-soluble active ingredient of Salvia miltiorrhiza, a traditional Chinese medicine used to treat cardiovascular diseases. The purpose of this study was to explore the effects of SAA on the function of rat EPCs cultured in vitro in a high-glucose environment.
MATERIAL AND METHODS: Bone marrow-derived EPCs from 40 Sprague-Dawley rats were identified by fluorescence staining. Cell viability, apoptosis, tube formation, lactated dehydrogenase (LDH) release, and nitric oxide (NO) production were detected by 3-[4,5-dimethylthylthiazol-2-yl]-2,5 diphenyltetrazolium bromide assay, flow cytometry, tube formation, LDH, and 3-amino,4-aminomethyl-2’,7’-difluorescein, and diacetate assays, respectively. The expression levels of proteins were examined by western blotting.
RESULTS: Cultured EPCs showed a cobblestone morphology and positive expression of Dil-ac-LDL and FITC-UEA-1. High glucose impaired cell viability. Different concentrations of SAA had no significant effect on EPC viability. SAA reduced the apoptosis rate and LDH release, but promoted tube formation, viability, and NO production in high-glucose-treated EPCs. The ratios of p-AKT/AKT and p-eNOS/eNOS in high-glucose-treated EPCs were elevated by SAA. Phosphoinositide 3-kinase inhibitor LY294002 blocked the rescue effects of SAA on high-glucose-treated EPCs.
CONCLUSIONS: SAA protected EPCs against high-glucose-induced dysfunction via the AKT/eNOS pathway.