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Medical Science Monitor Basic Research
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eISSN: 1643-3750

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Evaluation of the Relationship Between Maxillary Sinus Wall and Maxillary Canines and Posterior Teeth Using Cone-Beam Computed Tomography

Yifei Qin, Guang Shu, Tianmin Xu

(Second Dental Center, Peking University School and Hospital of Stomatology, Beijing, China (mainland))

Med Sci Monit 2020; 26:e925384

DOI: 10.12659/MSM.925384


BACKGROUND: The proximity between the maxillary sinus and dental roots may impede orthodontic tooth movement. This study aimed to explore the relationship between the maxillary sinus wall (MSW) and maxillary canines and posterior teeth using cone-beam computed tomography (CBCT).
MATERIAL AND METHODS: CBCT images (317) were examined for whether the mesial, distal, buccal, and palatal surfaces of the examined root contacted the MSW, and the contact distance of each root surface with the MSW was measured. The effects of age and sex were analyzed using logistic regression and linear regression analyses.
RESULTS: The highest contact ratios with the MSW (ranging from 62.0% to 73.2%) were observed at the palatal root surfaces of the first molar mesiobuccal and distobuccal roots (1M MB and DB), the buccal root surface of the first molar palatal roots (1M P), and the mesial and buccal root surfaces of the second molars (2M), followed by the distal root surface of the second premolars (2PM) and the mesial root surfaces of the 1M MB and P (ranging from 49.2% to 59.3%). At these root surfaces, the contact ratios decreased with age (P<0.05), but the lowest still reached a range of 29.4% to 57.9% in the 30- to 47-year-old group.
CONCLUSIONS: The 2PM distal root surface, the 1M MB mesial and palatal root surfaces, the 1M DB palatal root surface, and the 1M P and 2M mesial and buccal root surfaces most frequently contacted the MSW. Clinicians should observe the contact of root surfaces with the MSW, even in aged patients.

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