Get your full text copy in PDF
Mengguo Guo, Lixin Wu, Zhenyu Song, Bo Yang
(Department of Neurosurgery, The First Affiliated Hospital of Zhengzhou University, Zhengzhou, Henan, China (mainland))
Med Sci Monit 2020; 26:e924445
This study was designed to explore the combined effects of repetitive transcranial magnetic stimulation (rTMS) and human umbilical cord blood mesenchymal stem cells (hUCB-MSCs) transplantation on neural stem cell proliferation in rats with spinal cord injury (SCI).
MATERIAL AND METHODS: SCI was induced in 90 rats by laminectomy at T10. Fifteen rats each were treated with 0.5 Hz rTMS or 10 Hz rTMS or underwent hUCB-MSC transplantation; 15 each were treated with 0.5 Hz rTMS+hUCB-MSCs or 10 Hz rTMS+hUCB-MSCs; and 15 were untreated (control group). The Basso, Beattie, and Bresnahan (BBB) scores and motor evoked potentials (MEPs) were measured, and all rats underwent biotin dextran-amine (BDA) tracing of the corticospinal tract (CST). The levels of expression of neural stem cell proliferation related proteins, including BrdU, nestin, Tuj1, Ng2+ and GFAP, were measured, and the levels of bFGF and EGF determined by Western blotting.
RESULTS: BBB scores and MEPs were increased after rTMS and hUCB-MSC transplantation, while histologically determined SCI-induced neuron apoptosis was attenuated. The numbers of BDA-positive fibers and Brdu-, nestin- and Tuj1-positive cells were markedly increased and the numbers of Ng2+- and GFAP-positive cells were markedly decreased following treatment with rTMS alone or rTMS plus hUCB-MSC transplantation. The levels of expression of bFGF and EGF were significantly upregulated following rTMS treatment and hUCB-MSC transplantation. Higher performance was observed after combined treatment with rTMS and hUCB-MSC transplantation than after either alone.
CONCLUSIONS: The combination of rTMS treatment and hUCB-MSC transplantation could attenuate SCI-induced neural stem cell apoptosis and motor dysfunction in rats.