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Tao Yu, Qipeng Wu, Xiaomeng You, Haichao Zhou, Shaochen Xu, Wenbao He, Zihua Li, Bing Li, Jiang Xia, Hui Zhu, Youguang Zhao, Yunfeng Yang, Kai Chen
(Department of Orthopedic Surgery, Tongji Hospital, Tongji University School of Medicine, Shanghai, China (mainland))
Med Sci Monit 2020; 26:e923996
As a common metabolic disorder, osteoporosis is characterized by decreasing bone mass density and increased possibility of fragility fracture. The incidence of senile osteoporosis increases year by year. There is no gold standard of treatment for osteoporosis. Tomatidine is the aglycone derivative of tomatine, having the ability to treat various diseases, including osteoporosis. However, the mechanism by which tomatidine improves osteoporosis has not been fully elucidated. Tomatidine is a potential and promising drug for osteoporosis.
MATERIAL AND METHODS: In this study, the KEGG pathways that tomatidine-targeted genes enriched in were obtained using bioinformatics methods. The KEGG pathways involved in osteoporosis that were also associated with tomatidine-targeted genes were selected. After analysis of these pathways, essential genes that may be involved in this biological process were identified and validated experimentally.
RESULTS: We found 110 osteoporosis related KEGG pathways and 76 tomatidine-targeted genes-related KEGG pathways were obtained. 39 shared KEGG pathways were identified. The top 5 pathways were: pathway of chronic myeloid leukemia, pathway of B cell receptor signaling, pathway in cancer, bladder cancer pathway, and progesterone-mediated oocyte maturation pathway. MAPK1, MAP2K1, MAPK3, RAF1 were involved in all the 5 pathways. The p53 signaling pathway and the MAPK signaling pathway were involved in the 5 KEGG pathways. In vitro experiments showed that downregulating p53 expression could be potentially protective for osteoporosis.
CONCLUSIONS: Tomatidine can improve osteoporosis, and one of the mechanisms of its action is achieved by modulating p53. Tomatidine may be a promising drug for osteoporosis.