H-Index
79
Scimago Lab
powered by Scopus
JCR
Clarivate
Analytics
16%
Acceptance
Rate
call: +1.631.470.9640
Mon-Fri 10 am - 2 pm EST

Logo

Medical Science Monitor Basic Research
AmJCaseRep

Annals
ISI-Home

eISSN: 1643-3750

Get your full text copy in PDF

Overexpression of Karyopherin Subunit alpha 2 (KPNA2) Predicts Unfavorable Prognosis and Promotes Bladder Cancer Tumorigenicity via the P53 Pathway

Changlong Shi, Li Sun, Shaozhuang Liu, Enchong Zhang, Yongsheng Song

(Department of Second Urology, Shengjing Hospital of China Medical University, Shenyang, Liaoning, China (mainland))

Med Sci Monit 2020; 26:e921087

DOI: 10.12659/MSM.921087


BACKGROUND: We sought to investigate the expression of KPNA2 in bladder cancer (BC) and its relationship with prognosis, and to analyze the potential mechanism of KPNA2 in promoting BC progression.
MATERIAL AND METHODS: The RNA-seq data on BC from The Cancer Genome Atlas (TCGA) database were imported into R statistical software for differential analysis. The clinical data for patients with BC were screened and analyzed with R software. The survival curve was drawn with the Kaplan-Meier Plotter. The expression of KPNA2 in 4 human BC cell lines and a human bladder epithelial cell line was detected by quantitative real-time polymerase chain reaction (qRT-PCR) and Western blotting (WB). The proliferation of BC cells was detected with Cell Counting Kit-8 (CCK8), detection of apoptosis, and flow cytometry, and the migration and invasion of BC cells were detected through Transwell assays. WB was used to detect proteins involved in the P53 pathway.
RESULTS: The expression of KPNA2 was higher in BC. The difference in KPNA2 expression was associated with many clinicopathological factors, and high expression of KPNA2 was associated with shorter survival time. After KPNA2 knockout, the proliferation, migration, and invasion ability decreased significantly, the cell cycle was clearly arrested in the G0/G1 phase, and the number of apoptotic cells increased. Moreover, CyclinD1, BCL2, and pro-caspase3 decreased significantly, whereas P53, P21, BAX, and cleaved-caspase3 increased significantly. The results in the overexpression group were the opposite of results in the knockdown group.
CONCLUSIONS: KPNA2 is an oncogenic factor that facilitates BC tumorigenicity through the P53 pathway.

This paper has been published under Creative Common Attribution-NonCommercial-NoDerivatives 4.0 International (CC BY-NC-ND 4.0) allowing to download articles and share them with others as long as they credit the authors and the publisher, but without permission to change them in any way or use them commercially.
I agree