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Zhifeng Wang, Jingmei Liu, Rong Wang, Qinqin Wang, Rong Liang, Jinliang Tang
(Department of Digestive Endoscopy, Shanxi Provincial People’s Hospital, Taiyuan, Shanxi, China (mainland))
Med Sci Monit 2020; 26:e919714
Esophageal squamous cell carcinoma (ESCC) is a malignant tumor of the gastrointestinal tract. Taurine upregulated gene 1 (TUG1), a long non-coding (lnc) RNA, also known as LIN00080 or TI-227H, was connected with the tumorigenesis of various diseases. Hence, we plumed the role and molecular mechanism of TUG1 in the progression of ESCC.
MATERIAL AND METHODS: Expression patterns of TUG1, microRNA-498 (miR-498), and cell division cycle 42 (CDC42) mRNA were assessed using quantitative real time polymerase chain reaction (qRT-PCR). The expression level of CDC42 protein was evaluated via western blot analysis. Cell proliferation and invasion were determined with Cell Counting Kit-8 (CCK-8) assay or Transwell assay. The relationship between miR-498 and TUG1 or CDC42 was predicted by online bioinformatics database LncBase Predicted v.2 or microT-CDS and confirmed through dual-luciferase reporter system or RNA immunoprecipitation assay (RIP).
RESULTS: TUG1 and CDC42 were upregulated while miR-498 was strikingly decreased in ESCC tissues and cells (P<0.0001). Besides, TUG1 suppression blocked the proliferation and invasion of ESCC cells (P<0.001). Importantly, TUG1 decrease restrained CDC42 expression via binding to miR-498 in ESCC cells. Also, the suppressive impacts of TUG1 silencing on the proliferation and invasion of ESCC cells were mitigated by miR-498 reduction. Meanwhile, the repression of proliferation and invasion induced by miR-498 elevation was weakened by CDC42 overexpression.
CONCLUSIONS: Inhibition of TUG1 hampered cell proliferation and invasion by downregulating CDC42 via upregulating miR-498 in ESCC cells. Thus, TUG1 might be an underlying therapeutic target for ESCC.