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Medical Science Monitor Basic Research


eISSN: 1643-3750

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Effect of Hyperbaric Oxygen on Neurologic Sequelae and All-Cause Mortality in Patients with Carbon Monoxide Poisoning: A Meta-Analysis of Randomized Controlled Trials

Weiqiang Wang, Jincheng Cheng, Jun Zhang, Kai Wang

(Department of Neurology, The First Affiliated Hospital of Anhui Medical University, Hefei, Anhui, China (mainland))

Med Sci Monit 2019; 25:7684-7693

DOI: 10.12659/MSM.917065

BACKGROUND: Hyperbaric oxygen (HBO) is used in patients with carbon monoxide (CO) poisoning to prevent the occurrence of delayed neurological sequelae. However, inconsistent results were obtained regarding the treatment effects of HBO. Therefore, the current meta-analysis was conducted based on published randomized controlled trials (RCTs) to determine the effect of HBO on neurologic sequelae and all-cause mortality in patients with CO poisoning.
MATERIAL AND METHODS: Electronic databases MedLine, EmBase, and the Cochrane Library were searched for relevant RCTs from inception to March 1, 2019. The pooled relative risks (RRs) and weighted mean differences (WMDs) with corresponding 95% confidence intervals (CIs) were calculated to evaluate the outcomes by using a random-effects model. Sensitivity, subgroup, and publication bias analyses were also conducted.
RESULTS: Seven RCTs, including 9 cohorts and a total of 2023 patients with CO poisoning, were enrolled in this study. The summary results revealed that HBO showed an association with lower risk of memory impairment compared to patients receiving normobaric oxygen (NBO), whereas 2 sessions of HBO showed an association with higher risk of memory impairment compared to those who received 1 session of HBO. Moreover, HBO was associated with increased neuropsychologic scores of block design and trail making when compared with NBO. No other significant differences regarding the treatment effects of HBO were observed.
CONCLUSIONS: These results indicate that HBO therapy significantly reduces the risk of memory impairment compared to NBO, but 2 sessions of HBO might not be better for memory impairment than 1 session of HBO.

Keywords: Carbon Monoxide Poisoning, Hyperbaric Oxygenation, meta-analysis, Safety

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