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Rui Xu, Zhonghan Wang, Zhenxiao Ren, Tingjian Ma, Zhe Jia, Shuyan Fang, Hui Jin
(Norman Bethune College of Medicine, Jilin University, Changchun, Jilin, China (mainland))
Med Sci Monit 2019; 25:3510-3519
There are many shortcomings in traditional prefabricated rehabilitation insoles for symptomatic flatfoot patients. This study investigated the effects of customized 3-dimensional (3D) printed insoles on pressure and comfort of the plantar foot in symptomatic flatfoot patients.
MATERIAL AND METHODS: Eighty patients with bilateral flatfoot participated in this study. At week 0, patients were randomly assigned into 1 of 2 groups. In the control group, the patients wore standardize shoes with prefabricated insoles; and in the experimental group the patients wore standardize shoes and customized insoles. The Footscan® system recorded peak pressure, peak force, and peak contact area in 10 areas of the sole at weeks 0 and at week 8. Patients used visual analogue scale scores at week 0 and at week 8 to assess overall comfort of insoles.
RESULTS: At week 0, compared with the control group, the peak pressure in the metatarsal was significantly lower in the experimental group (P<0.05) while the peak pressure in the mid-foot was significantly higher than the control group (P<0.05). At week 8, in the experimental group, the peak pressures in the mid-foot were significantly higher than the control group (P<0.05). The comfort scores (measured by pain scale) reported by the experimental group were significantly lower than those reported by the control group (P<0.05).
CONCLUSIONS: Customized 3D printed insoles reduced the pressure on the metatarsals by distributed it over the mid-foot area, thus reduced the damage from symptomatic flatfoot. Customized 3D printed insoles were more effective than prefabricated insoles and offered better comfort for patients with symptomatic flatfoot.