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Medical Science Monitor Basic Research


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The Effect of Interleukin-6 (IL-6), Interleukin-11 (IL-11), Signal Transducer and Activator of Transcription 3 (STAT3), and AKT Signaling on Adipocyte Proliferation in a Rat Model of Polycystic Ovary Syndrome

Zhaohui Zhuang, Xiaohong Pan, Kai Zhao, Wei Gao, Juan Liu, Tianqi Deng, Wenmin Qin

(Department of Reproduction, Suqian Maternity Hospital, Suqian, Jiangsu, China (mainland))

Med Sci Monit 2019; 25:7218-7227

DOI: 10.12659/MSM.916385

BACKGROUND: Polycystic ovary syndrome (PCOS) is associated with low-grade inflammation, adipocyte hypertrophy, hyperglycemia, increased serum testosterone levels, and reduced lipolysis. This study aimed to investigate the role of interleukin-6 (IL-6) and IL-11 in the pathophysiology of adipocyte hypertrophy in a rat model of PCOS.
MATERIAL AND METHODS: The rat model of PCOS was developed using a subcutaneous injection of dehydroepiandrosterone (DHEA). Histology of the rat ovaries was used to confirm the development of PCOS. Serum levels of testosterone and glucose were measured. Immunohistochemistry, immunofluorescence, quantitative real-time polymerase chain reaction (qRT-PCR), and Western blot were performed to measure IL-6 and IL-11 in the rat model of PCOS. Cell proliferation was measured using the cell counting kit-8 (CCK-8) assay.
RESULTS: Serum levels of testosterone and glucose and the expression of IL-6 and IL-11 were significantly increased in the rat model of PCOS via the activation of AKT/STAT3 signaling. Following IL-6 and IL-11 stimulation of mesenchymal adipocytes isolated from adipose tissue, IL-6 and IL-11 induced cell proliferation through the STAT3/AKT signaling pathway.
CONCLUSIONS: In a rat model of PCOS, increased expression of IL-6 and IL-11 was associated with the AKT/STAT3 pathway. Increased levels of IL-6 and IL-11 stimulated adipocytes from adipose tissue of the rat model, which promoted cell proliferation by activating AKT/STAT3 signaling.

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