H-Index
79
Scimago Lab
powered by Scopus
JCR
Clarivate
Analytics
12%
Acceptance
Rate
call: +1.631.470.9640
Mon-Fri 10 am - 2 pm EST

Logo

Medical Science Monitor Basic Research
AmJCaseRep

Annals
ISI-Home

eISSN: 1643-3750

Get your full text copy in PDF

Clinical Characteristics and Risk Factors for Sinistral Portal Hypertension Associated with Moderate and Severe Acute Pancreatitis: A Seven-Year Single-Center Retrospective Study

Hui Li, Zhenyu Yang, Feng Tian

(Department of Gastroenterology, Shengjing Hospital of China Medical University, Shenyang, Liaoning, China (mainland))

Med Sci Monit 2019; 25:5969-5976

DOI: 10.12659/MSM.916192


BACKGROUND: This study aimed to assess the prevalence, clinical characteristics, and risk factors for sinistral portal hypertension in patients with moderate or severe acute pancreatitis.
MATERIAL AND METHODS: A retrospective study included 825 patients with moderate or severe acute pancreatitis. Clinical and demographic data, the Acute Physiology and Chronic Health Evaluation (APACHE II) and the Ranson scores for severity of acute pancreatitis, and the computed tomography (CT) severity index (CTSI) were evaluated. The formation of collateral vessels, bleeding, splenomegaly, hypersplenism during hospitalization or follow-up, and early anticoagulation and the occurrence of sinistral portal hypertension were evaluated.
RESULTS: Of the 825 patients with moderate or severe acute pancreatitis, 103 patients (12.5%) developed sinistral portal hypertension. The median time to diagnosis was 8 months, and the median patient age was 39 years. The most common causes of pancreatitis were biliary (46.3%), hypertriglyceridemia (31.5%), alcohol (14.9%), and others (7.3%). Independent risk factors for sinistral portal hypertension were male gender (OR, 4.666; 95% CI, 2.54-8.572; P<0.001), recurrent acute pancreatitis (OR, 9.556; 95% CI, 5.218-17.5; P<0.001), hypertriglyceridemia (OR, 2.056; 95% CI, 1.184-3.57; P=0.001), glucose >10 mmol/L (OR, 6.965; 95% CI, 4.027-12.045; P<0.001), smoking (OR, 6.32; 95% CI, 3.544-11.269; P<0.001), and infection of walled-off necrosis (OR=1.637; 95% CI, 1.061-2.524; P=0.015). Anticoagulation during hospitalization was not significantly associated with sinistral portal hypertension.
CONCLUSIONS: Hypertriglyceridemia, hyperglycemia, infection of walled-off necrosis, recurrent acute pancreatitis, and smoking were risk factors for sinistral portal hypertension, and early anticoagulation did not prevent the occurrence.

This paper has been published under Creative Common Attribution-NonCommercial-NoDerivatives 4.0 International (CC BY-NC-ND 4.0) allowing to download articles and share them with others as long as they credit the authors and the publisher, but without permission to change them in any way or use them commercially.
I agree