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Medical Science Monitor Basic Research


eISSN: 1643-3750

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Evaluation of Mesenteric Lymph Nodes in a Pediatric Population with Mesenteric Lymphadenitis Using Superb Microvascular Imaging

Dao-Ming Zu, Ling-Ling Feng, Lei Zhang, Su-Li Ma, Yi-Cheng Zhu

(Department of Pediatrics, Pudong New Area Peoples’ Hospital Affiliated to Shanghai University of Medicine and Health Sciences, Shanghai, China (mainland))

Med Sci Monit 2019; 25:5336-5342

DOI: 10.12659/MSM.914903

BACKGROUND: This study aimed to evaluate superb microvascular imaging (SMI) as an adjunctive imaging method to evaluate mesenteric lymph nodes in children with mesenteric lymphadenitis compared with healthy children.
MATERIAL AND METHODS: A retrospective study compared children with mesenteric lymphadenitis (n=27) and healthy children (n=30). Lymph node size was determined using grayscale ultrasonography and parameters of lymph node vascularity were compared using color Doppler flow imaging (CDFI) and SMI. The diagnostic performance of ultrasound (US), US combined with SMI, and US combined with CDFI were compared.
RESULTS: Lymph nodes from children with mesenteric lymphadenitis (n=77) and normal lymph nodes (n=84) were evaluated by SMI, which showed that the least diameter of lymph nodes in cases of mesenteric lymphadenitis was 0.58±0.15 mm and of normal mesenteric lymph nodes was 0.47±0.08 mm (p<0.001). SMI identified 92.6% of abnormal mesenteric lymph nodes while CDFI detected 85.2%. US combined with SMI had the highest sensitivity (81.5%), and specificity (78.9%) compared with US alone (sensitivity, 63.0%; specificity, 64.9%), and compared with US combined with CDFI (sensitivity, 74.1%; specificity, 75.4%). US combined with SMI and US combined with CDFI achieved the same specificity (76.7%), which was higher than that of US alone (66.7%).
CONCLUSIONS: SMI was superior to color Doppler flow imaging in evaluating the microvasculature in lymphadenopathy in mesenteric lymphadenitis. SMI may be used as an adjunct to grayscale ultrasonography to assist in identifying mesenteric lymphadenopathy in pediatric patients.

Keywords: Mesenteric Lymphadenitis, Pediatrics, Ultrasonography, Doppler, Color

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