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Medical Science Monitor Basic Research


eISSN: 1643-3750

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A Retrospective Study of Hemodynamic Changes in Patients After Off-Pump Coronary Artery Bypass Graft Surgery Using Impedance Cardiography

Xinrong Niu, Qingqing Zhang, Dong Xiao, Yuanming Zhang

(First Affiliated Hospital of Xinjiang Medical University, Urumqi, Xinjiang, China (mainland))

Med Sci Monit 2019; 25:3454-3462

DOI: 10.12659/MSM.913289

BACKGROUND: This study aimed to investigate the role of impedance cardiography (ICG) to evaluate hemodynamic changes in patients after off-pump coronary artery bypass graft (OPCABG) surgery.
MATERIAL AND METHODS: One-hundred and sixty patients who had undergone OPCAGB were enrolled and assessed using New York Heart Association NYHA functional class (II, II, and IV). ICG was used to measure the stroke volume (SV), stroke volume index (SI), cardiac output per minute (CO/min), cardiac index (CI), end-diastolic volume (EDV), pre-ejection period (PEP), left ventricular ejection time (LVET), systolic time ratio (STR), left ventricular ejection fraction (LVEF), acceleration index (ACI), systemic vascular resistance (SVR), and thoracic fluid content (TFC). The ICG parameters were correlated with brain natriuretic peptide (BNP) and echocardiography parameters using multivariate regression analysis.
RESULTS: The levels of CO, ACI, TFC, SVR, and BNP compared with ICG showed differences between NYHA functional class, with CO showing a significant difference (p<0.05). There were no significant differences between SV, SI, EDV, and LVEF before and after OPCAGB. Using ICG, the parameters of CI, LVEF, EDV, and TFC showed no significant correlation with BNP. SV, SI, CO, ACI, and LVET, which were negatively correlated with BNP. SVR, PEP, and STR were positively correlated with BNP (P<0.05).
CONCLUSIONS: In patients who had OPCABG, the findings from ICG were significantly correlated with BNP levels and the results from echocardiography for the evaluation of cardiac hemodynamic changes. ICG might have a role in the assessment of cardiac function in clinical practice.

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