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The Value of Older Donors’ Klotho Level in Predicting Recipients’ Short-Term Renal Function

Gengguo Deng, Anli Yang, Jiaqing Wu, Jiexue Zhou, Shandong Meng, Chunli Zhu, Jianfu Wang, Sheng Shen, Juan Ma, Dong Liu

(Department of Organ Transplantation, Guangdong Second Provincial General Hospital, Guangzhou, Guangdong, China (mainland))

Med Sci Monit 2018; 24:7936-7943

DOI: 10.12659/MSM.913274

BACKGROUND: The present organ shortage has led to increased use of kidneys from expanded-criteria donors, but the prognosis is disappointing due to poor graft quality. As a promising kidney protector, the Klotho gene’s role in predicting short-term prognosis has not been assessed.
MATERIAL AND METHODS: We retrospectively analyzed data from 41 recipients and 25 donors. Multiple clinical variables were compared between different subgroups of donors or their corresponding recipients. The area under the receiver operating characteristic curve (AUROC) was used to evaluate the distinguishing ability. Dynamic changes in serum Klotho, FGF-23, and urinary NGAL were assessed.
RESULTS: Serum Klotho level was significantly lower in donors age ≥50 years (p=0.017), and there was a moderate negative correlation between serum Klotho expression and age (r=–0.464, p=0.019). Moreover, detection of Klotho mRNA and immunohistochemical analysis in kidneys revealed the same trend as in serum. Furthermore, for older donors (age ≥50 years), serum Klotho level had a strong negative correlation with recipient eGFR 1 month post-transplant (r=–0.686, p=0.007), which was proved to be a good predictor for estimating graft function by ROC analysis. Additionally, during the post-transplant follow-up, serum Klotho levels increased slightly after a temporary decline, while serum FGF-23 and urinary NGAL decreased significantly and then stayed low thereafter.
CONCLUSIONS: Klotho level, which decreases with age, may be a potential predictor of short-term renal function, especially for grafts from older donors.

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