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Wei-qiang Duan, Xue-wen Xu, Ying Cen, Hai-tao Xiao, Xiao-xue Liu, Yong Liu
(Department of Burn and Plastic Surgery, West China Hospital, Sichuan University, Chengdu, Sichuan, China (mainland))
Med Sci Monit 2019; 25:872-879
We investigated the epidemiology of patients admitted to the Burn Center of West China Hospital during 2011–2016, to provide measures for burn prevention.
MATERIAL AND METHODS: We conducted a retrospective review of patients admitted to the Burn Center of West China Hospital during 2011–2016. We collected information on patient demographics, burn etiology, burn extent, place of injury, education level, and burn knowledge of patients.
RESULTS: A total of 1323 patients (1033 males and 290 females), mean age 35.4 years (range 10 days to 91 years), were admitted to our burn center. Among all patients, 214 were children aged 0–14 years, 998 were adults aged 15–59 years, and 111 were elderly adults over age 60 years. Scalds were the predominant cause of pediatric burns; however, flame burns were most common among adults and elderly patients. The injury location varied by age, with most burns occurring at work among adults; however, most children and elderly patients were burned at home. Educational levels were lower among adults from rural areas than those from urban areas, but both groups had little first aid knowledge. Furthermore, rural patients had received less vocational education and training than urban patients.
CONCLUSIONS: There has been a decrease in burn incidence in Sichuan Province. Flame injury should be a focus of attention in all age groups. Prevention programs for adults in the workplace are imperative. Burn prevention programs should continue to improve living conditions, especially for elderly people.