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Triglyceride-to-High-Density Lipoprotein Cholesterol Ratio and Systemic Inflammation in Patients with Idiopathic Pulmonary Arterial Hypertension

Kamil Jonas, Wojciech Magoń, Piotr Podolec, Grzegorz Kopeć

(Department of Cardiac and Vascular Diseases, Faculty of Medicine, Jagiellonian University Medical College, John Paul II Hospital in Cracow, Cracow, Poland)

Med Sci Monit 2019; 25:746-753

DOI: 10.12659/MSM.912766


BACKGROUND: Idiopathic pulmonary arterial hypertension (IPAH) patients are characterized by elevated triglyceride (TG)-to-HDL cholesterol (HDL-C) ratio, which has been proposed to be an important prognostic factor in this population. The mechanism of this phenomenon remains unknown. We therefore investigated the potential determinants of increased TG/HDL-C ratio in IPAH patients.
MATERIAL AND METHODS: We prospectively recruited consecutive clinically stable IPAH patients between January 2016 and February 2017. Patients with diabetes or using statins were excluded. Anthropometric measurements included body mass index (BMI) and skinfold thickness; body fat mass was calculated using age and sex-specific equations. We assessed lipid profile, homeostatic model assessment of insulin resistance (HOMA-IR), serum adipokine levels (adiponectin, resistin, leptin, and visfatin), and circulating cytokines (IL-1β, IL-6, MCP-1, and TNF-α).
RESULTS: We assessed 47 IPAH patients: 9 of them had been diagnosed with diabetes and 10 were treated with statins; therefore, were excluded them from further analysis. Age, sex distribution, and BMI were similar irrespectively of TG/HDL-C ratio. Patients with increased TG/HDL-C ratio (>3) as compared to patients with TG/HDL-C ≤3 were characterized by higher levels of IL-1β, MCP-1, and IL-6. TG level was correlated with IL-1β (R=0.76, p<0.001), IL-6 (R=0.52, p=0.005), TNF-α (R=0.62, p<0.001), and MCP-1 (R=0.63, p<0.001). IL-1β was also inversely correlated with HDL-C (R=–0.44, p=0.02). We found no differences in concentration of fasting glucose, insulin, HOMA-IR, body fat content, or adipokine levels between patients with higher and lower TG/HDL-C ratios.
CONCLUSIONS: In IPAH patients, elevated TG/HDL-C ratio is a marker of systemic inflammation.

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