Get your full text copy in PDF
YanFeng Ma, ChuHan Xiang, BuChun Zhang
(Department of Cardiology, The Affiliated Hospital of Xuzhou Medical University, Xuzhou, Jianghsu, China (mainland))
Med Sci Monit 2018; 24: MTA9354-9363
It is unclear whether high-dose atorvastatin pretreatment benefits acute coronary syndrome (ACS) patients undergoing percutaneous coronary intervention (PCI). To clarify this issue, we performed a meta-analysis of the published literature.
MATERIAL AND METHODS: Randomized controlled trials (RCTs) assessing high-dose atorvastatin pretreatment in ACS patients undergoing PCI were enrolled. Short-term major adverse cardiac events (MACEs), changes in serum high-sensitivity C-reactive protein (hs-CRP), peak creatine kinase-myocardial band (CK-MB) level, and thrombolysis in myocardial infarction (TIMI) grade 3 flow after PCI were studied as clinical outcomes.
RESULTS: Seventeen RCTs including 10 072 patients were retrieved. High-dose atorvastatin showed greater benefits in reducing the incidence of short-term MACEs (OR 0.72; 95% CI: 0.56 to 0.94; P=0.01) and hs-CRP level (SMD –1.59; 95% CI: –2.38 to –0.80; P<0.0001) among ACS patients after PCI. No significant difference was found between the 2 groups in terms of peak CK-MB (SMD –0.34; 95% CI: –0.79 to 0.10; P=0.13) or final TIMI flow grade 3 (OR 1.31; 95% CI: 0.73 to 2.36; P=0.36) after PCI. High-dose atorvastatin therapy also was not associated with alanine aminotransferase (ALT) elevation (OR 1.95; 95% CI: 0.95 to 4.03; P=0.07).
CONCLUSIONS: The results of this meta-analysis suggest that high-dose atorvastatin pretreatment reduces the incidence of short-term MACEs and hs-CRP level without increasing drug-induced hepatotoxicity in ACS patients after PCI.