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Junliang Yuan, Li Feng, Wenli Hu, Yumei Zhang
(Department of Neurology, Beijing Chaoyang Hospital, Capital Medical University, Beijing, China (mainland))
Med Sci Monit 2018; 24:8910-8915
Leukoaraiosis, also referred to as white-matter hyperintensities (WMHs) or age-related white matter changes, is the most frequently seen lesion on brain magnetic resonance images (MRI) in the elderly. LA is a subject of intense research interest, and is correlated with stroke, cognitive impairment or dementia, disturbances, affective disorders, and poor prognoses. Rapid advances in neuroimaging have enabled greater understanding of LA associated with aging-related cognitive decline or dementia. Recently, the techniques of multimodal MRI, such as structural MRI (sMRI), resting-state functional MRI (rs-MRI), cerebrovascular reactivity (CVR), diffusion tensor imaging (DTI), magnetic resonance spectroscopy (MRS), and dynamic contrast-enhanced MRI (DCE-MRI), have been used to explore the underlying mechanism of cognitive impairment in patients with LA. These multimodal MRI techniques may provide further insights into the structural and functional changes of LA with cognitive dysfunction.