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eISSN: 1643-3750

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The Prognostic Value of Expression of the Long Noncoding RNA (lncRNA) Small Nucleolar RNA Host Gene 1 (SNHG1) in Patients with Solid Malignant Tumors: A Systematic Review and Meta-Analysis

Bufan Xiao, Zhaohao Huang, Ruihao Zhou, Jingtao Zhang, Bentong Yu

(The First Clinical Medical College, Nanchang University, Nanchang, Jiangxi, China (mainland))

Med Sci Monit 2018; 24:5462-5472

DOI: 10.12659/MSM.911687


BACKGROUND: The long non-coding RNA (lncRNA) small nucleolar RNA host gene 1 (SNHG1) is expressed in solid malignant tumors. The aim of this systematic review and meta-analysis was to determine whether expression of the lncRNA SNHG1 was associated with prognosis in patients with malignancy.
MATERIAL AND METHODS: A literature review from Jan 1970 to July 2018 identified publications in the English language. Databases searched included: PubMed, OVID, Web of Science, the Cochrane Database, Embase, EBSCO, Google Scholar. Systematic review and meta-analysis were performed according to the Preferred Reporting Items for Systematic Reviews and Meta-Analyses (PRISMA) guidelines. The Newcastle-Ottawa Scale (NOS) assessment tool for risk of bias was used.
RESULTS: Eight publications (570 patients) and eight solid tumors were identified, including osteosarcoma, colorectal cancer, hepatocellular carcinoma, non-small cell lung cancer, esophageal cancer, ovarian cancer, glioma, and gastric cancer. Meta-analysis showed that expression of the lncRNA SNHG1 was significantly correlated with reduced overall survival (OS) (HR=1.917; 95% CI, 1.58–2.31) (P<0.001). Subgroup analysis showed that lncRNA SNHG1 expression was significantly correlated with TNM stage (OR=3.99; 95% CI, 2.48–6.43) and lymph node metastasis (OR=3.12; 95% CI, 1.95–4.98). There were no significant correlations between lncRNA SNHG1 expression and patient gender, tumor subtype, or tumor size.
CONCLUSIONS: Systematic literature review and meta-analysis identified eight publications that included 570 patients with eight types of solid malignant tumor, and showed that the expression of the lncRNA SNHG1 was significantly associated with worse clinical outcome.

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