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Increased Expression of CD81 in Breast Cancer Tissue is Associated with Reduced Patient Prognosis and Increased Cell Migration and Proliferation in MDA-MB-231 and MDA-MB-435S Human Breast Cancer Cell Lines In Vitro

Ning Zhang, Li Zuo, Hong Zheng, Gang Li, Xichun Hu

(Department of Medical Oncology, Fudan University Shanghai Cancer Center, Shanghai, China (mainland))

Med Sci Monit 2018; 24:5739-5747

DOI: 10.12659/MSM.911612

BACKGROUND: CD81, a member of the tetraspanin family, is overexpressed in several tumor types, but its role in breast cancer remains unknown. The present study aimed to investigate the effects of increased CD81 expression on cell migration and proliferation in breast cancer cell lines, MDA-MB-231 and MDA-MB-435S in vitro, and the effects of increased CD81 expression in breast cancer tissue microarrays on patient prognosis.
MATERIAL AND METHODS: The expression of CD81 was evaluated using immunohistochemistry in a human breast cancer tissue microarray containing 140 tumor tissues and a microarray containing 77 normal breast tissues. The effects of increased CD81 expression on cell proliferation and migration in breast cancer cell lines, MDA-MB-231 and MDA-MB-435S, were evaluated by proliferation, transwell migration, and cell counting kit-8 (CCK-8) assays. CD81-expressing plasmid transfection upregulated CD81 expression, and short hairpin RNA (shRNA) lentivirus silenced CD81 expression in vitro.
RESULTS: CD81 expression was significantly increased in breast cancer tissues compared with normal breast tissues (P<0.05). Increased expression of CD81 was significantly associated with lymph node metastasis (P<0.05), clinical stage (P<0.05) and with reduced overall survival (OS) in patients with breast cancer (P<0.05). Increased CD81 expression in MDA-MB-231 and MDA-MB-435S cells promoted cell proliferation and migration, which were inhibited by CD81 silencing.
CONCLUSIONS: The findings of the study showed that CD81 might be a potential prognostic biomarker associated with poor patient prognosis in breast cancer. These findings should be investigated further with large-scale controlled prospective studies in patients with breast cancer.

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