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High Expression of PTPN3 Predicts Progression and Unfavorable Prognosis of Glioblastoma

Yu Wang, Yan Su, Zhiling Ji, Zhonghua Lv

(Department of Cardiology, Yidu Central Hospital of Qingzhou, Weifang, Shandong, China (mainland))

Med Sci Monit 2018; 24:7556-7562

DOI: 10.12659/MSM.911531

BACKGROUND: PTPN3 was demonstrated to be involved in the progression of several types of cancers, such as gastric adenocarcinoma, lung cancer, and intrahepatic cholangiocarcinoma. However, its clinical significance in glioblastoma (GBM) has not been elucidated.
MATERIAL AND METHODS: We investigated the expression of PTPN3 in 95 cases of GBM with immunohistochemistry and in 8 pairs of fresh GBMs and their adjacent tissues with qualitative polymerase chain reaction. Moreover, the correlation between PTPN3 and clinicopathological factors was evaluated by chi-square test. The prognostic value of PTPN3 was investigated with univariate analysis and multivariate analysis. With MTT assay and Transwell assay, the oncogenic functions of PTPN3 in GBM proliferation and invasion were further investigated.
RESULTS: Expression of PTPN3 in GBM tissues was significantly higher than in their corresponding adjacent tissues. High expression of PTPN3 was significantly associated with unfavorable prognosis of GBM. Moreover, in GBM cell lines, PTPN3 promoted cell proliferation and invasion, and the PTP common inhibitor pervanadate suppressed GBM proliferation and invasion.
CONCLUSIONS: Our experiments show that PTPN3 is an independent prognostic factor in GBM and indicated that postoperative detection of PTPN3 can be used to identify high-risk patients and guide individual treatment.

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