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Radiological Variabilities in Subcoracoid Impingement: Coracoid Morphology, Coracohumeral Distance, Coracoglenoid Angle, and Coracohumeral Angle

Neşe Asal, Mehmet Hamdi Şahan

(Department of Radiology, Kirikkale University School of Medicine, Kirikkale, Turkey)

Med Sci Monit 2018; 24:8678-8684

DOI: 10.12659/MSM.911470

BACKGROUND: The aim of this study was to investigate the effects of coracoid morphology, coracohumeral distance, coracoglenoid angle, and coracohumeral angle variabilities on subcoracoid impingement development using magnetic resonance imaging (MRI).
MATERIAL AND METHODS: A total of 200 patients (87 males with mean age of 51.1±15.2 years and 113 females with mean age of 52.6±10.7 years) undergoing shoulder MRI were included in this retrospective study. All MRI studies were performed with standard positioning. Coracoid morphology and subscapularis tendon were evaluated. Coracohumeral distance, coracoglenoid angle and coracohumeral angle were measured in all subjects. One-way ANOVA was used to assess the difference between the groups. For binary comparisons, Tukey post hoc analysis was done. Pearson correlation analysis was performed between variables.
RESULTS: Type C coracoid was more frequent in the tendinosis and tendon tear groups. There was a significant difference between type C coracoid and the other coracoid types for coracohumeral distance values (P=0.016). There was a statistically significant decrease in coracoglenoid angle values and coracohumeral distance in patients with subscapularis tendon pathologies (P=0.000). A statistically insignificant increase in coracohumeral angle values was found in the subscapularis tendon pathologies. There was a positive correlation between coracohumeral distance and coracoglenoid angle (R=0.749 P=0.000). There was a negative correlation between coracohumeral distance and coracohumeral angle (R=–0.668 P=0.000) and between coracoglenoid angle and coracohumeral angle (R=–0.605 P=0.000).
CONCLUSIONS: In subscapularis tendon pathologies, decrease in coracohumeral distance and coracoglenoid angle was observed. A new approach uses coracohumeral angle to evaluate subcoracoid impingement. A statistically insignificant increase in coracohumeral angle was noted.

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