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Rab11 Functions as an Oncoprotein via Nuclear Factor kappa B (NF-κB) Signaling Pathway in Human Bladder Carcinoma

Xue Gong, Jia Liu, Xiling Zhang, Fengming Dong, Yili Liu, Ping Wang

(Department of Urology, The Fourth Affiliated Hospital of China Medical University, Shenyang, Liaoning, China (mainland))

Med Sci Monit 2018; 24:5093-5101

DOI: 10.12659/MSM.911454

BACKGROUND: Elevated expression of Rab11 has been reported in different human cancers, including human bladder carcinoma. This study, we investigated the biological effects and mechanism of Rab11 overexpression in human bladder carcinoma for the first time.
MATERIAL AND METHODS: Rab11 expression in bladder cancer tissues was detected using immunohistochemistry and Western blot analysis. Then, Rab11 expression was inhibited in T24 cells and it was overexpressed in BIU-87 cells. The effects of Rab11 perturbations on cell growth rate and invasion were analyzed by CCK8, cell cycle assay, and matrix gel invasion assay. MMP-9, cyclin E, and cyclin D1 levels were studied using Western blot and qPCR. NF-κB activity was studied by luciferase assay.
RESULTS: High expression of Rab11 was detected in 41.5% (66/159) of tumor specimens. We found a significant correlation between high Rab11 expression and depth of tumor invasion (P=0.004). Rab11 overexpression was observed to promote the growth rate and invasiveness of cancer cells through upregulation of MMP9, cyclin E, and cyclin D1 levels. Rab11 overexpression further elevated NF-κB reporter activity and enhanced p-IκB expression. Use of BAY 11-7082, a noted NF-κB inhibitor, partially abolished overexpression of MMP9 and cyclin D1 by Rab11.
CONCLUSIONS: Our research proved that high Rab11 expression enhances cellular multiplication and invasiveness of bladder cancer, possibly by regulating the NF-κB signaling pathway.

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