H-Index
75
Scimago Lab
powered by Scopus
JCR
Clarivate
Analytics
21%
Acceptance
Rate
call: +1.631.470.9640
Mon-Fri 10 am - 2 pm EST

Logo



eISSN: 1643-3750

Get your full text copy in PDF

Appropriateness of Using Tests for Blood Glucose and Diabetic Complications in Clinical Practice: Experiences in a Hospital in Thailand

Veeravan Lekskulchai

(Department of Pathology, Faculty of Medicine, Srinakharinwirot University, Bangkok, Thailand)

Med Sci Monit 2018; 24:7382-7386

DOI: 10.12659/MSM.911216


BACKGROUND: This study aimed to evaluate how the tests for blood glucose (BG) and diabetic complications have been utilized in a hospital in Thailand.
MATERIAL AND METHODS: Patient medical records having the results of BG, HbA1c, and/or urine microalbumin presented and the records of DM patients having the results of serum lipids, serum LDL-C, and/or serum creatinine presented were selected. The data of diagnosis, ordered tests, and testing results in these records were extracted for evaluation.
RESULTS: This study recruited 1066 patients diagnosed with DM and 3081 patients diagnosed with other diseases. Point-of-care testing (POCT) for BG was repeatedly used in 371 non-DM cases; most of its results were normal. The results of BG and HbA1c were often used together. There was a good relationship between them, and these test results indicated poor glycemic control in 58% of DM cases. In non-DM cases, the test results agreed, indicating normoglycemia in 17.32%, pre-diabetes in 20.47%, and diabetes in 21.78%. To prevent diabetic nephropathy, serum creatinine was frequently used, whereas urine microalbumin, the recommended test, was underutilized. The result of LDL-C from both direct measurement and calculation were used; however, based on the same guidelines, the results of measured LDL-C indicated risk of cardiovascular diseases in a higher percentage of DM cases than did the results of calculated LDL-C.
CONCLUSIONS: The use of POCT for BG in hospitalized patients may be inappropriate. The utilization of urine microalbumin should be promoted to effectively prevent diabetic nephropathy.

This paper has been published under Creative Common Attribution-NonCommercial-NoDerivatives 4.0 International (CC BY-NC-ND 4.0) allowing to download articles and share them with others as long as they credit the authors and the publisher, but without permission to change them in any way or use them commercially.
I agree