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Treatment of Type II Collagen-Induced Rat Rheumatoid Arthritis Model by Interleukin 10 (IL10)-Mesenchymal Stem Cells (BMSCs)

Shuai Tian, Yunyu Yan, Xiangbei Qi, Xu Li, Zhiyong Li

(Department of Geratology, The Third Hospital of Hebei Medical University, Shijiazhuang, Hebei, China (mainland))

Med Sci Monit 2019; 25:2923-2934

DOI: 10.12659/MSM.911184

BACKGROUND: Rheumatoid arthritis model (CIA) rats were treated by tail vein injection of IL-10-modified bone marrow mesenchymal stem cells (BMSCs) to investigate its feasibility and intrinsic molecular mechanism.
MATERIAL AND METHODS: The CIA rat model was established by induction type II collagen, and IL-10-modified BMSCs was established by transfecting BMSCs with adenovirus. IL-10-modified BMSCs were used to treat the CIA rats. The therapeutic effect was evaluated by measuring the changes in body weight, ankle swelling, and forced swimming time, as well as observation of synovial hyperplasia and cartilage tissue repair by HE staining. Western blot analysis and ELISA were used to detect gene expression.
RESULTS: After 4 weeks and 8 weeks of treatment with IL10-BMSCs, the body weight, swelling value, resting time, and forced swimming struggle time of CIA rats were significantly higher than those of BMSCs-treated and -untreated CIA rats (P<0.05). Compared to BMSCs-treated CIA model rats, after treatment with IL10-BMSCs, the repair rate of osteoarticular cartilage was higher and the inhibition of synovial proliferation was better, and serum IL-17, IL-1ß, and TNF-alpha levels were lower. We found that the protein level of SIRT1 in peripheral blood mononuclear cells was lower, the protein level in spleen was higher, and phosphorylation of p65 protein in peripheral blood mononuclear cells was reduced.
CONCLUSIONS: The efficacy of tail vein injection of IL-10-modified BMSCs in treatment of CIA rats was superior to that of BMSCs alone, which may be related to the more pronounced suppression of IL-10-modified BMSCs in peripheral blood inflammation and spleen immune response.

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