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Işık Tekin, Efe Edem
(Department of Cardiology, Tarsus State Hospital, Mersin, Turkey)
Med Sci Monit 2018; 24:6367-6374
Epicardial fat tissue (EAT) acts as brown adipose tissue and protects the heart and coronary arteries against hypothermia. Recent studies demonstrated that EAT is a source of both anti-inflammatory and atherogenic cytokines. In this study, our aim was to investigate the association of vertical, horizontal, and area measurements of EAT thickness and their association with coronary artery disease, diastolic function, and myocardial performance index in patients who underwent coronary angiography.
MATERIAL AND METHODS: The study population consisted of patients who presented to our outpatient clinic with chest pain and whose non-invasive stress tests were positive between June 2015 and July 2017. Echocardiographic examinations were performed prior to the angiography. Coronary angiograms were performed using Judkins method from the femoral artery.
RESULTS: Mean vertical thickness of EAT was 0.6 cm in patients with CAD and 0.46 cm in those without CAD (p=0.0001). Mean horizontal length of EAT was 2.91 cm in patients with CAD and was 2.41 cm in the subjects without CAD (p=0.001). ROC analysis showed 81% sensitivity and 53% specificity for a cut-off value of 0.45, and 67% sensitivity and 71% specificity for a cut-off value of 0.55 for EAT vertical (cm). Multivariate analysis showed that EAT is an independent risk factor for coronary artery disease.
CONCLUSIONS: Echocardiography is an inexpensive routine assessment for most patients. EAT thickness determined by echocardiography may be a useful indicator of increased CAD risk, but not diastolic dysfunction, of the left ventricle.