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eISSN: 1643-3750

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Interleukin-22 Promotes Osteosarcoma Cell Proliferation and Invasion via STAT3 Activation

Panpan Li, Xin Shi, Yonghui Xu, Binggang Zhong, Yu Lu, Yong Sun

(Department of Radiology, The Second Affiliated Hospital of Kunming Medical University, Kunming, Yunnan, China (mainland))

Med Sci Monit 2018; 24:7802-7808

DOI: 10.12659/MSM.910962


BACKGROUND: Interleukin-22 (IL-22) is one of the cytokines secreted by T-helper 17 (Th17) cells. It belongs to the IL-10 cytokine family and influences a variety of immune reactions. Studies have indicated that IL-22 can promote cancer progression and metastases. However, the function of IL-22 in osteosarcoma (OS) remains unclear.
MATERIAL AND METHODS: In this study, the expression of IL-22 in the OS cell line was detected by qRT-PCR. The role of IL-22 in proliferation and invasion in OS cells was tested by MTT and Transwell assays. The protein expression of STAT3, phospho-STAT3, AKT, and phospho-AKT was detected by Western blot analysis.
RESULTS: The results showed that IL-22 was upregulated in OS cells. IL-22 dose-independently promoted OS cells proliferation and invasion, which could be reversed by IL-22 antibody or STAT3 siRNA. Furthermore, IL-22 exposure of OS cells resulted in dose-independently increased levels of phosphorylated STAT3 protein kinases. Interestingly, IL-22 did not influence the expression of phosphorylated AKT.
CONCLUSIONS: These results suggest that IL-22 promotes OS cells proliferation and invasion and its effect is mediated by activation of the STAT3 pathway. These findings demonstrate that IL-22 may serve as a promising molecular biomarker for diagnosis and therapy for OS patients.

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