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Peng Yan, Yuankai Zhang, Chunxiao Wang, Fang Lv, Lijun Song
(Department of Rheumatology, Qilu Hospital of Shandong University, Ji’nan, Shandong, China (mainland))
Med Sci Monit 2018; 24: ANS9187-9195
Recent data have demonstrated the potential immunosuppressive roles of interleukin-37 (IL-37) in several diseases, but whether it is involved in the pathogenesis of inflammatory myopathy has not been elucidated.
MATERIAL AND METHODS: An experimental autoimmune myositis (EAM) model was built by subcutaneous injections of pertussis toxin (PTX) and purified rabbit myosin (10mg/kg) emulsified with an equal volume of conventional complete Freund’s adjuvant (CFA) in a Lewis model. Autoimmune myositis Lewis model rats were divided into 3 groups: group A rats (control group) were injected with CFA in saline weekly; group B (IL-37 group) rats were injected with saline with IL-37 and CFA in saline weekly; and group C (IL-37 + SIS3 group) rats were injected with IL-37, CFA, and SIS3. ELISA was also used to assess the expressions of TNF-α, IL-6, IL-1β, TGF-β1, and CK. HE staining was performed to assess pathological changes in lung and muscle tissues.
RESULTS: The expressions of TNF-α, IL-6, IL-1β, TGF-β1, and CK significantly increased in autoimmune myositis Lewis model rats. After IL-37 treatment, the expression of TNF-α, IL-6, IL-1β, TGF-β1, and CK was significantly reduced, as were the inflammatory responses of lung and muscle. However, SIS3 reduced the effects of IL-37 on the autoimmune myositis Lewis model rats.
CONCLUSIONS: These findings indicate that IL-37 protects against inflammatory response via regulating Smad3 in autoimmune myositis Lewis model rats.