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Jianghui Ying, Wenjie Luan, Lu Lu, Simin Zhang, Fazhi Qi
(Department of Plastic Surgery, Zhongshan Hospital, Fudan University, Shanghai, China (mainland))
Med Sci Monit 2018; 24:5376-5383
Angiogenesis is an important component of wound healing and tissue repair. Kindlin-2 is an integrin-associated protein, encoded by the KINDLIN-2 gene, which has been shown to affect cell adhesion and migration of cells, including endothelial cells. The aim of this study was to use a mouse model of wound healing to evaluate the effects of expression of KINDLIN-2 on angiogenesis in wound healing in vivo.
MATERIAL AND METHODS: Thirty-six male C57BL/6 mice were studied in an established model that used a wound created on the back. Mice were divided randomly into three groups: the normal group (n=12) received injections of normal (0.9%) saline; the KINDLIN-2(–) group (n=12) received injections of adeno-associated virus with small interfering (si)RNA targeting the KINDLIN-2 gene (AAV-KINDLIN-2-siRNA); and the control (group (n=12) received injections of adeno-associated virus containing a scrambled RNA sequence (AAV-control-RNA). Wound healing was analyzed by biochemical examination of the exudates and histology. Evans blue dye was injected into the caudal vein of each mouse, two weeks after wound healing to assess neovascular permeability.
RESULTS: Wound healing was significantly delayed in the KINDLIN-2 gene knockdown mice (AAV-KINDLIN-2-siRNA) compared with that of the normal group and the control group, and neovascular permeability was increased. In the AAV-KINDLIN-2-siRNA group, blood vessels were shorter and thinner compared with the normal group and the control group.
CONCLUSIONS: In a mouse model of wound healing, KINDLIN-2 gene knockdown inhibited wound healing, and increased neovascular permeability in vivo.