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Yi Mu, Deyu Sun
(Radiation Oncology Department of Gastrointestinal and Urinary and Musculoskeletal Cance, Liaoning Cancer Hospital and Institutes, Henyang, Liaoning, China (mainland))
Med Sci Monit 2018; 24: LBR5811-5819
The aim of this study was to evaluate the effect of lapatinib, a dual inhibitor of epidermal growth factor receptor (EGFR) and HER-2, on the radiosensitivity of murine bladder tumor line-2 (MBT-2) cells in vitro and in vivo.
MATERIAL AND METHODS: MBT-2 cells were pretreated with lapatinib at doses ranging from 200–1,000 nM for 30 min followed by radiation at doses ranging from 2.5–10 Gy for 30 min. A clonogenic assay (colony formation assay) assessed cell survival. Western blot measured phosphorylated epidermal growth factor receptor (p-EGFR), phosphorylated AKT (p-AKT), and phosphorylated HER-2 (p-HER2) and the apoptosis marker, PARP. The C3H/HeN mouse tumor xenograft model underwent subcutaneous injection of MBT-2 cells; mice were divided into four groups, treated with lapatinib (200 mg/kg), radiation (15 Gy), a combination of both, and with vehicle (control).
RESULTS: Lapatinib pretreatment, combined with radiation, decreased MBT-2 cell survival, and suppressed radiation-activated levels of p-EGFR and p-HER-2. MBT-2 cells treated with a 10 Gy dose of radiation and 1000 nM of lapatinib showed combination index (CI) values of <1 indicating synergy. Increased expression of γ-H2AX, indicated increased apoptosis. In mice with tumor xenografts, a daily dose of lapatinib (200 mg/kg/day) for seven days combined with radiation on the fourth day suppressed tumor growth to a greater degree than radiation alone.
CONCLUSIONS: Lapatinib treatment enhanced the radiation sensitivity in an in vitro and in vivo murine bladder cancer model by decreasing radiation-mediated EGFR and HER-2 activation, and by causing DNA damage leading to cell apoptosis.