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eISSN: 1643-3750

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Doxycycline Attenuates Atrial Remodeling by Interfering with MicroRNA-21 and Downstream Phosphatase and Tensin Homolog (PTEN)/Phosphoinositide 3-Kinase (PI3K) Signaling Pathway

Kai Zhang, Linru Zhao, Zuowang Ma, Weiding Wang, Xiongfeng Li, Yue Zhang, Meng Yuan, Xue Liang, Guangping Li

(Tianjin Key Laboratory of Ionic-Molecular Function of Cardiovascular Disease, Department of Cardiology, Tianjin Institute of Cardiology, The Second Hospital of Tianjin Medical University, Tianjin, China (mainland))

Med Sci Monit 2018; 24:5580-5587

DOI: 10.12659/MSM.909800


BACKGROUND: Atrial remodeling especially in the form of fibrosis is the most important substrate of atrial fibrillation (AF). The aim of this study was to investigate the effects of doxycycline on chronic intermittent hypoxia (CIH)-induced atrial remodeling and the pathophysiological mechanisms underlying such changes.
MATERIAL AND METHODS: A total of 30 Sprague-Dawley rats were randomized into 3 groups: Control group, CIH group, and CIH with doxycycline treatment group. CIH rats were subjected to CIH 6 h/d for 30 days and treatment rats were administrated doxycycline while they received CIH. After the echocardiography examination, rats were sacrificed at 31 days. The tissues of atria were collected for histological and molecular biological experiments, Masson staining was used to evaluate the extent of atrial fibrosis, microRNA-21, and its downstream target phosphatase and tensin homolog (PTEN), phosphoinositide 3-kinase (PI3K) were assessed.
RESULTS: Compared to the control group, the CIH rats showed higher atrial interstitial collagen fraction, increased microRNA-21, PI3K levels, and decreased PTEN levels. Doxycycline treatment attenuated CIH-induced atrial fibrosis, reduced microRNA-21 and PI3K, and increased PTEN.
CONCLUSIONS: CIH induced significant atrial remodeling, which was attenuated by doxycycline in our rat model. These changes may be explained due to alterations in the microRNA-21-related signaling pathways by doxycycline.

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