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Haifei Shi, Tingting Weng, Chunmao Han, Xingang Wang
(Department of Hand Surgery, First Affiliated Hospital of Zhejiang University School of Medicine, Hangzhou, Zhejiang, China (mainland))
Med Sci Monit 2018; 24:5457-5461
In human adults, the repair of cutaneous wounds usually leads to scar formation rather than regeneration. Dermal substitutes have been used as a regenerative template for reducing scar formation and improving the extent of dermal regeneration. However, achievement of complete regeneration is still a long way off. Dermal substitutes are characterized by unusual regenerative activity, appearing to function by acting as temporary configurational guides for cell infiltration and synthesis of new stroma. Fibroblasts are important cells with many vital functions in wound-healing processes. They are heterogeneous with distinct characteristics according to their source location, such as subcutaneous tissue, superficial-layer dermis, and deep-layer dermis. Many studies have shown that superficial dermal fibroblasts possess the potential to form dermis-like tissue. Fibroblasts in deep-layer dermis and subcutaneous tissue may play a critical role in the formation of hypertrophic scars. Fibroblast phenotype affects the newly formed dermal architecture and influences the dermal regeneration effect induced by dermal substitutes. It is hypothesized that better regeneration of the dermis can be achieved using dermal substitutes along with dermal fibroblast optimization.