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Shasha Liu, Bingrong Liu
(Department of Gastroenterology and Hepatology, The Second Affiliated Hospital of Harbin Medical University, Harbin, Heilongjiang, China (mainland))
Med Sci Monit 2018; 24: LBR1424-1433
Colorectal cancer (CRC) is the third most common cancer worldwide, making it is a serious threat to human health. It is imperative to develop new therapeutics to improve the CRC treatment efficiency. The aim of this study was to investigate the role of NPRL2 in improving sensitivity to CPT-11 in colon cancer cells.
MATERIAL AND METHODS: NPRL2 overexpression was established by transfecting the recombinant lentivirus-encoding NPRL2 gene into HCT116 colon cancer cells. Cell proliferation was identified using Cell Counting Kit-8 (CCK8) assay. Cell cycle and apoptosis were examined by flow cytometry. An immunofluorescence staining assay was conducted to examine the expression of γ-H2AX. Wound-healing and Transwell assays were utilized to show cell migration and invasion capability. The expression of apoptosis-related proteins (cleaved caspase-3, caspase-9, cleaved PARP, BAX, and Bcl-2), invasion-related proteins (MMP2, MMP9, p-PI3K, and p-AKT), and DNA damage checkpoint pathway proteins (p-ATM, p-Chk2, Cdc25C, Cdc2, and Cyclin B1) were quantified by Western blotting.
RESULTS: A CCK8 assay revealed that the overexpression of NPRL2 improved the sensitivity of CPT-11 in HCT116 cells (P<0.05). Functionally, NPRL2 overexpression elevated the sensitivity of CPT-11 by preventing colon cancer cell proliferation, cell movement, and invasion, and promoting cell apoptosis and G2/M cell cycle arrest. Mechanistically, NPRL2 overexpression enhanced CPT-11 sensitivity by activating the DNA damage checkpoint pathway.
CONCLUSIONS: NPRL2 overexpression enhances sensitivity to CPT-11 treatment in colon cancer cells, and it may serve as a molecular therapeutic agent to treat patients with CRC.