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eISSN: 1643-3750

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Specific Soft-Tissue Invasion and LMP1 Expression Are Potential Indicators of Extranodal NK/T Cell Lymphoma, Nasal Type

Min Jiang, Haoyue Lu, Chao Lu, Xingdong Geng, Yingjun Jia, Peng Wang, Wei Qian, Hao Huang, Xiuhong Shan

(Department of Medical Imaging, Affiliated People’s Hospital of Jiangsu University, Zhenjiang, Jiangsu, China (mainland))

Med Sci Monit 2018; 24:7603-7613

DOI: 10.12659/MSM.909152


BACKGROUND: Extranodal NK/T cell lymphoma, nasal type (ENKTL-NT) is difficult to distinguish from nasal polyps and inverted papilloma, leading to its high misdiagnosis ratio. The aim of this study was to investigate its potential prognostic indicators.
MATERIAL AND METHODS: Kaplan-Meier method was used to calculate overall survival (OS) rate. Cox proportional hazards regression was used to analyze risk ratios (ORs) with 95% confidence intervals (CIs).
RESULTS: Nasal ala infiltration and nasal floor thickness >2.0 mm or nasal septum thickness >2.5 mm were potential prognostic factors for OS (p=0.0323 and 0.0072, respectively). Cox proportional-hazards regression indicated that high LMP1 expression and the nasal floor thickness >2.0 mm or nasal septum thickness >2.5 mm were the independent risk factors for poor OS of ENKTL-NT (HR=3.0655, p=0.028; HR=2.3650, p=0.0452, respectively). In the subgroup analysis, the OS rate was lower when the nasal floor thickness >2.0 mm or nasal septum thickness >2.5 mm in the patients who had high expression of LMP1 (p=0.0651), whereas high LMP1 expression increased the risk of worse prognostic outcome in patients with deep infiltration thickness. Thus, high LMP1 expression may contribute to the tissue invasion of ENKTL-NT.
CONCLUSIONS: Any patient with nasal ala soft-tissue invasion, nasal floor thickness >2.0 mm/nasal septum thickness >2.5 mm on CT imaging or high LMP1 expression should prompt immediate histopathologic diagnosis to rule out ENKTL-NT in clinical practice.

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