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Yuyang Dai, Siyang Ni, Feng Wu, Xiuli Zhao
(National Institute for Drug Clinical Trial, Beijing Tongren Hospital, Capital Medical University, Beijing, China (mainland))
Med Sci Monit 2018; 24: CLR4691-4697
Genetic correlations with the response to intranasal corticosteroids (INCS) in seasonal allergic rhinitis (SAR) treatment are unknown. This study aimed to evaluate the role of gene polymorphisms in the response to INCS in Chinese Han patients with moderate to severe SAR.
MATERIAL AND METHODS: In this study, 286 Chinese Han patients with SAR were genotyped for 4 candidate genes: the glucocorticosteroid receptor (NR3C1) gene, glucocorticoid-induced transcription factor 1 (GLCCI1) gene, T-box 21 gene (TBX21), and ATP binding cassette subfamily B member 1 (ABCB1) gene. Patients were treated with INCS for 4 weeks. The total nasal symptom score (TNSS), total ocular symptom score (TOSS), and visual analogue scale (VAS) score were assessed at baseline and on week 4. The primary endpoint was the effective rate after 4 weeks of INCS therapy.
RESULTS: In addition to the known contributing factors, one genotype of GLCCI1, namely, rs37973, was significantly associated with the INCS response (OR=0.598, 95% confidence interval: 0.41 to 0.87, P=0.007). The effective rate of the GG group was lower than those of the AA and AG groups (AA vs. GG: 73.7% vs. 51.6%, P=0.007; AG vs. GG: 78.8% vs. 51.6%, P=0.000). In addition, the TNSS, TOSS, and VAS were higher for the patients in the GG group than for those in the AA and AG groups on week 4.
CONCLUSIONS: The GLCCI1 rs37973 variant is a risk factor for glucocorticoid resistance in Chinese patients with SAR who receive short-term INCS treatment.