Scimago Lab
powered by Scopus
call: +1.631.470.9640
Mon-Fri 10 am - 2 pm EST


Medical Science Monitor Basic Research


eISSN: 1643-3750

Get your full text copy in PDF

Origin and Efficacy of Hyaluronan Injections in Knee Osteoarthritis: Randomized, Double-Blind Trial

Yuanli Guo, Peiyan Yang, Liu Liu

(Department of Orthopedics, The First Affiliated Hospital of Xiamen University, Xiamen, Fujian, China (mainland))

Med Sci Monit 2018; 24: CLR4728-4737

DOI: 10.12659/MSM.908797

BACKGROUND: Several hyaluronan preparations are available that have different dosage forms, origins, and concentrations. The objective of the study was to compare the efficacy of intra-articular chemically cross-linked hyaluronan (CCH) and avian-derived hyaluronan (ADH) injections in knee osteoarthritis (KOA) patients.
MATERIAL AND METHODS: In total, 258 patients were randomized into 2 groups of 129 each: patients who received CCH injection (CCH group) and patients who received ADH injection (ADH group). Radiographic Kellgren-Lawrence score, visual analog scale (VAS) pain score, Lequesne index score, the Western Ontario and McMaster Universities Osteoarthritis (WOMAC) index, single-limb stance (SLS) test, and timed “Up-and-Go” (TUG) test were performed. The Mann-Whitney U test or independent t-test following Bonferroni adjustment was performed for statistical analysis at 95% of confidence level.
RESULTS: The CCH group had improved VAS pain score (P<0.0001, q=54.803), total WOMAC score (P<0.0001, q=4.753), Lequesne index score (P<0.0001, q=3.208), and SLS time (P<0.0001, q=8.76) at the end of 6 months as compared to those in the ADH group. After 6 months of follow-up, the ADH group had improved TUG time (P=0.0148, q=3.385) as compared to baseline. Both groups of patients had the similar improvement in Kellgren-Lawrence score and mild to moderate adverse effects after 6 months.
CONCLUSIONS: CCH injection was superior to ADH injection.

This paper has been published under Creative Common Attribution-NonCommercial-NoDerivatives 4.0 International (CC BY-NC-ND 4.0) allowing to download articles and share them with others as long as they credit the authors and the publisher, but without permission to change them in any way or use them commercially.
I agree