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Medical Science Monitor Basic Research


eISSN: 1643-3750

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Two-Plane Assessment of Knee Muscles Isometric and Isokinetic Torques After Anterior Cruciate Ligament Reconstruction

Andrzej Czamara, Aleksandra Królikowska

(The College of Physiotherapy in Wrocław, Wrocław, Poland)

Med Sci Monit 2018; 24: CLR4882-4893

DOI: 10.12659/MSM.908411

BACKGROUND: We tested the hypothesis that, in patients participating in 17 weeks of postoperative physiotherapy after anterior cruciate ligament reconstruction (ACLR), maximal isometric torque (IT) and peak torque (PT) generated by the muscles affecting the operated knee joint in the sagittal and transverse planes are not restored. We also present the application of IT and PT measurements of the muscles affecting the knee joint in 2 planes of motion.
MATERIAL AND METHODS: IT and PT of the knee extensor and flexor muscles and the muscles internally rotating the shin were measured in 30 males who participated in postoperative physiotherapy for 17 weeks after ACLR (ACLR group) and 30 males with no injuries (control group).
RESULTS: Significantly lower IT and PT values were noted in the operated knee extensors and flexors. The differences were also noted in the PT for the muscles internally rotating the shin and in the IT of those muscles in the position of 25° of internal rotation. Significantly lower relative IT and PT values were noted for studied muscle groups in comparison to the control group.
CONCLUSIONS: Seventeen weeks of postoperative physiotherapy after ACLR did not result in complete restoration of IT and PT of the muscles affecting the operated knee joint, suggesting that even after 17 weeks of physiotherapy following ACLR, athletes may not be ready to return to sports. The results demonstrate the usefulness of biplanar analysis of muscle strength under isometric and isokinetic conditions in the monitoring and assessment of physiotherapeutic procedures.

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