Get your full text copy in PDF
Peng Chen, Jialin Pan, Xinming Zhang, Zhewei Shi, Xiangjun Yang
(Department of Cardiology, The First Affiliated Hospital of Soochow University, Suzhou, Jiangsu, China (mainland))
Med Sci Monit 2018; 24: LBR4121-4127
The role of miR-181a in the development of cardiac disease and in particular, myocardial fibrosis following myocardial infarction (MI) remains unknown. The aim of this study was to explore the role of miR-181a in myocardial fibrosis in a rat model of MI and the expression of TGF-β receptor III (TβRIII).
MATERIAL AND METHODS: Forty adult male Wistar rats were randomly divided into an MI model group (n=30) and a control group with (n=10). The rat MI model involved ligating the left anterior descending (LAD) coronary artery in the model group; the control group was treated with a sham operation. Cardiac function was assessed using cardiac ultrasound. Myocardial fibroblasts were extracted from the rat hearts and transfected with a miR-mimic or miR-inhibitor, and cell growth was measured using an MTT assay. The level of miR-181a expression was detected using quantitative reverse transcription polymerase chain reaction (qRT-PCR) and Western blots.
RESULTS: miR-181a expression was significantly increased during the progression of MI (P<0.05). Over-expression of miR-181a was associated with increased deposition of extracellular matrix (ECM) components, collagen I and fibronectin. This effect was reversed with the use of a miR-181a inhibitor (P<0.05). Upregulation of miR-181a suppressed the expression of TGF-β receptor III (TβRIII) by binding with 3’-UTR.
CONCLUSIONS: In this rat model of MI, the findings were that miR-181a had a role in the progression of myocardial fibrosis. The findings require further studies to determine whether miR-181a might provide a novel therapeutic target to limit myocardial fibrosis following MI.