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Financial Aspects of Bile Duct Injuries

Ozgkıour Palaz Alı, Abdil Cem Ibis, Basak Gurtekin

(Department of General Surgery, Istanbul University, Istanbul Faculty of Medicine, Istanbul, Turkey)

Med Sci Monit 2017; 23:5264-5270

DOI: 10.12659/MSM.907532

BACKGROUND: Major bile duct injury is the most worrisome complication of cholecystectomy. There is no detailed data about the incidence or treatment-related costs of bile duct injuries in Turkey. We aimed to determine prevalence and therapeutic costs of patients with major biliary duct injuries managed in our department, and further estimate a projection of these parameters at the national level.
MATERIAL AND METHODS: All patients admitted due to bile duct injury during cholecystectomy from 2011 to 2014 were included. Healthcare costs were calculated by summing of their all treatment-related costs in Istanbul Medical Faculty. We collected 2014–2015 data on number of patients diagnosed with cholecystitis in Turkey, the number of cholecystectomies, and the number of the interventions performed following these initial surgeries, which were obtained from the Turkish Social Security Institution.
RESULTS: Forty-nine patients were enrolled and bilioenteric diversion was performed in 39 patients: 20.4% of patients had Bismuth II, 38.8% had Bismuth III, and 40.8% had Bismuth IV biliary stricture. Comparison of stricture types with total costs, days of hospitalization, and outpatient clinic costs revealed significant differences. Mean total cost of corrective surgeries was 9199 TRY. We estimated that 1.5% to 2.4% of patients who underwent cholecystectomy in Turkey have bile duct injury (including 0.3% with major bile duct injury).
CONCLUSIONS: New preventive strategies should be used to avoid bile duct injuries, which have a huge financial impact on the national economy.

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