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Downregulation of MiR-199b-5p Inducing Differentiation of Bone-Marrow Mesenchymal Stem Cells (BMSCs) Toward Cardiomyocyte-Like Cells via HSF1/HSP70 Pathway

Fangjie Dai, Peizhao Du, Yaowei Chang, Endong Ji, Yunjia Xu, Chunyan Wei, Jiming Li

(Department of Cardiovascular Medicine, Shanghai East Hospital, Tongji University School of Medicine, Shanghai, China (mainland))

Med Sci Monit 2018; 24: CLR2700-2710

DOI: 10.12659/MSM.907441


BACKGROUND: Bone-marrow mesenchymal stem cells (BMSCs) are pluripotent stem cells with potent self-renewal and differentiation ability that are widely used in transplantation of cell therapy. But the mechanism on microRNA (miRNA) regulating stem cell differentiation is complicated and unclear. The aim of this study was to investigate whether miR-199b-5p is involved in differentiation of cardiomyocyte-like cells and identify potential signal pathways in BMSCs.
MATERIAL AND METHODS: Mouse BMSCs were treated with 5-azacytidine and transfected by miR-199b-5p mimic and inhibitor, respectively. qRT-PCR was used to detect the expression of miR-199b-5p in BMSCs, 5-azacytidine treated BMSCs, and neonatal murine cardiomyocytes. The expression of cardiac specific genes and the HSF1/HSP70 signal pathway were examined by qRT-PCR or western blotting. The proliferation and migration of BMSCs were evaluated by CCK-8 assay and wound-healing assay.
RESULTS: The expression of miR-199b-5p decreased gradually in the process of differentiation of BMSCs toward cardiomyocyte-like cells. The expression of cardiac specific genes and HSF1/HSP70 were increased in the miR-199b-5p inhibitor group; however, the miR-199b-5p mimic group presented an opposite result. Both the miR-199b-5p inhibitor group and the miR-199b-5p mimic group had no influence on BMSCs proliferation and migration. Using lentivirus vectors bearing HSF1 shRNA to silence HSF1 and HSP70, the anticipated elevated expression effect of cardiac specific genes induced by miR-199b-5p inhibitor was suppressed.
CONCLUSIONS: Downregulation of miR-199b-5p induced differentiation of BMSCs toward cardiomyocyte-like cells partly via the HSF1/HSP70 signaling pathway, and had no influence on BMSCs proliferation and migration.

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