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Hongtao Xu, Jiangtao Dong, Dongmei Xin, Jian Zhang, Kai Kang, Shijun Gao
(Department of Joint Surgery, Third Hospital of Hebei Medical University, Shijiazhuang, Hebei, China (mainland))
Med Sci Monit 2017; 23:5564-5573
Graft choice is very controversial. This study compared the second-look evaluation and clinical outcomes of anatomic ACL-R using a thin autograft versus a thick hybrid graft.
MATERIAL AND METHODS: Sixty-eight patients who had received ACL-R with hamstring autograft or autograft-allograft hybrid graft accepted second-look arthroscopy were grouped (autograft: n=31, age: 32.8±8.9, Male/Female: 16/15, and hybrid graft: n=37, age: 33.9±8.4, Male/Female: 27/10). Patients were evaluated with the functional score and KT-1000 test before reconstruction. The re-examination and second-look evaluation were performed at 2-year follow-up. Results were compared and further comparisons were made for grafts size >8.5 mm.
RESULTS: The hybrid group showed thicker graft size and bigger graft occupancy (9.0±0.5 mm vs. 8.5±0.7 mm, P=.003; 80.1±7.0% vs. 69.9±6.9%, P8.5 mm were selected and compared (autograft, n=16; hybrid, n=29). Graft tension and Synovial coverage showed a significant difference (P=.036 and P=.029). The Lysholm, IKDC, and KT-1000 test were significantly superior for the autograft than the hybrid graft (P=.036, P=.004, and P=.003, respectively).
CONCLUSIONS: A pure autograft is superior to a hybrid graft with same diameter in ACL-R because the augmenting allografts may be null and void. Therefore, a homogenous graft is recommended.
Keywords: Allografts, anterior cruciate ligament reconstruction, autografts, Second-Look Surgery