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Hui Cao, Jianbo Shi, Jintao Du, Kaitian Chen, Chang Dong, Di Jiang, Hongyan Jiang
(Department of Otolaryngology, The First Affiliated Hospital, Sun Yat-sen University, Guangzhou, Guangdong, China (mainland))
Med Sci Monit 2018; 24: MOL1712-1723
MicroRNA 194 is involved in the differentiation of various types of cells, such as adipose derived stem cells, human embryonic stem cells, and bone marrow mesenchymal stem cells. Previously, we found that miR-194 was highly expressed in the inner ear sensory patch and neurons in mice embryos. However, the role of miR-194 in the development of the inner ear and its underlying mechanism have not been elucidated yet.
MATERIAL AND METHODS: The expression level of miR-194 has been altered by using antisense morpholino oligonucleotides (MO) and synthesized miRNAs in zebrafish.
RESULTS: We found that miR-194 was vastly expressed in the inner ear and central nervous system (CNS) in zebrafish. Loss of function of miR-194 could strongly affected the development of zebrafish embryos, including delayed embryonic development, edema of the pericardium, small head, axial deviation, delayed development of inner ear, closer location of two otoliths, delayed fusion of the semicircular canals, and abnormal otolith number in some cases. In addition, the behavior of zebrafish was also adversely affected with impaired balance and biased swimming route. Misexpression of miR-194 could strongly affected the development and differentiation of spiral ganglion neuron (SGN) in inner ear through Fgf4 in vitro. Similar results have also been observed that the overexpression and knockdown of miR-194 strongly disturbed the development and differentiation of the sensory patches and Statoacoustic ganglion (SAG) through Fgf4 in zebrafish in vivo. Our results indicated that miR-194 may regulate the development and differentiation of sensory patches and SAG through Fgf4.
CONCLUSIONS: Our data revealed a vital role of miR-194 in regulating the development and differentiation of the inner ear.