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eISSN: 1643-3750

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Insulin Resistance Is Associated with Interleukin 1β (IL-1β) in Non-Diabetic Hemodialysis Patients

Xiao Bi, Honglan Ai, Qiaoming Wu, Qiang Fan, Feng Ding, Chun Hu, Wei Ding

(Division of Nephrology, Shanghai Ninth People’s Hospital, School of Medicine, Shanghai Jiaotong University, Shanghai, China (mainland))

Med Sci Monit 2018; 24: CLR897-902

DOI: 10.12659/MSM.906269


BACKGROUND: Insulin resistance (IR) and inflammation are associated with increased risk of complications in chronic kidney disease (CKD) patients. However, the relationship between IR and the important proinflammatory interleukin-1β (IL-1β) is unclear in CKD patients.
MATERIAL AND METHODS: We conducted a cross-sectional study including 79 non-diabetic patients who received hemodialysis after the exclusion process. Homeostasis model assessment (HOMA-IR) and leptin adiponectin ratio (LAR) were used to evaluate IR. Inflammation was assessed through C-reactive protein (CRP), interleukin-6 (IL-6), tumor necrosis factor-α (TNF-α), and IL-1β evaluation. We tested associations of IR with IL-1β using logistic analysis and linear regression.
RESULTS: Patients were divided into a HOMA-IR-positive group and a HOMA-IR-negative group. Although there were no differences between the 2 groups in terms of etiological causes, age, sex, BMI, triglyceride, cholesterol, ferritin, uric acid, and inflammatory indicators such as CRP, we found that IL-6, TNF-α, and IL-1β were significantly increased in the HOMA-IR-positive group compared with the HOMA-IR-negative group. Moreover, IL-1β contributed to HOMA-IR positivity and was positively correlated with LAR after adjusting for possible confounding factors.
CONCLUSIONS: Insulin resistance correlates positively with IL-1β among non-diabetic hemodialysis patients, which suggests that IL-1β may be involved in the pathogenesis of IR in this setting.

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