H-Index
79
Scimago Lab
powered by Scopus
JCR
Clarivate
Analytics
12%
Acceptance
Rate
call: +1.631.470.9640
Mon-Fri 10 am - 2 pm EST

Logo

Medical Science Monitor Basic Research
AmJCaseRep

Annals
ISI-Home

eISSN: 1643-3750

Get your full text copy in PDF

Sympathetic and Parasympathetic Coactivation Induces Perturbed Heart Rate Dynamics in Patients with Paroxysmal Atrial Fibrillation

Christian Eickholt, Christiane Jungen, Thomas Drexel, Fares Alken, Pawel Kuklik, Jens Muehlsteff, Hisaki Makimoto, Boris Hoffmann, Malte Kelm, Dan Ziegler, Nikolaj Kloecker, Stephan Willems, Christian Meyer

(Department of Electrophysiology, University Heart Center, University Hospital Hamburg-Eppendorf, Hamburg, Germany)

Med Sci Monit 2018; 24: CLR2164-2172

DOI: 10.12659/MSM.905209


BACKGROUND: Recent evidence indicates that sympathetic/parasympathetic coactivation (CoA) is causally linked to changes in heart rate (HR) dynamics. Whether this is relevant for patients with atrial fibrillation (AF) is unknown.
MATERIAL AND METHODS: In patients with paroxysmal AF (n=26) and age-matched controls, (n=10) we investigated basal autonomic outflow and HR dynamics during separate sympathetic (cold hand immersion) and parasympathetic activation (O2-inhalation), as well as during CoA (cold face test). In an additional cohort (n=7), HR response was assessed before and after catheter-based pulmonary vein isolation (PVI). Ultra-high-density endocardial mapping was performed in patients (n=6) before and after CoA.
RESULTS: Sympathetic activation increased (control: 74±3 vs. 77±3 bpm, p=0.0098; AF: 60±2 vs. 64±2 bpm, p=0.0076) and parasympathetic activation decreased HR (control: 71±3 vs. 69±3 bpm, p=0.0547; AF: 60±1 vs. 58±2 bpm, p<0.0009), while CoA induced a paradoxical HR increase in patients with AF (control: 73±3 vs. 71±3 bpm, p=0.084; AF: 59±2 vs. 61±2 bpm, p=0.0006), which was abolished after PVI. Non-linear parameters of HR variability (SD1) were impaired during coactivation in patients with AF (control: 61±7 vs. 69±6 ms, p=0.042, AF: 44±32 vs. 32±5 ms, p=0.3929). CoA was associated with a shift of the earliest activation site (18±4 mm) of the sinoatrial nodal region, as documented by ultra-high-density mapping (3442±343 points per map).
CONCLUSIONS: CoA perturbs HR dynamics and shifts the site of earliest endocardial activation in patients with paroxysmal AF. This effect is abolished by PVI, supporting the value of emerging methods targeting the intrinsic cardiac autonomic nervous system to treat AF. CoA might be a valuable tool to assess cardiac autonomic function in a clinical setting.

This paper has been published under Creative Common Attribution-NonCommercial-NoDerivatives 4.0 International (CC BY-NC-ND 4.0) allowing to download articles and share them with others as long as they credit the authors and the publisher, but without permission to change them in any way or use them commercially.
I agree